Telecom Network Management Definitions

  • B

    backbone

    A backbone is a larger transmission line that carries data gathered from smaller lines that interconnect with it.

  • BGP (Border Gateway Protocol)

    BGP (Border Gateway Protocol) is a protocol that manages how packets are routed across the internet through the exchange of routing and reachability information between edge routers.

  • broadband

    In general, broadband refers to telecommunication in which a wide band of frequencies is available to transmit information.

  • C

    caller ID spoofing

    Caller ID spoofing is a service that allows a caller to masquerade as someone else by falsifying the number that appears on the recipient's caller ID display... (Continued)

  • carrier signal

    A carrier signal is a transmitted electromagnetic pulse or wave at a steady base frequency of alternation on which information can be imposed by increasing signal strength, varying the base frequency, varying the wave phase, or other means... (Continued)

  • CDMA (Code-Division Multiple Access)

    CDMA (Code-Division Multiple Access) refers to any of several protocols used in second-generation (2G) and third-generation (3G) wireless communications.

  • comfort noise generator (CNG)

    A comfort noise generator (CNG) is a program used to generate background noise artificially for voice communications during periods of silence that occur during the course of conversation... (Continued)

  • D

    DSLAM (Digital Subscriber Line Access Multiplexer)

    A DSLAM (Digital Subscriber Line Access Multiplexer) is a network device, usually at a telephone company central office, that receives signals from multiple customer Digital Subscriber Line (DSL) connections and puts the signals on a high-speed backbone line using multiplexing techniques.

  • E

    Ethernet as a service (EaaS)

    Ethernet as a service (EaaS) is the use of high-bandwidth, fiber optic media such as Packet over SONET (PoS) to deliver 10 Mbps, 100 Mbps or even 1000 Mbps Ethernet service to one or more customers across a common bidirectional broadband infrastructure... (Continued)

  • H

    Hayes command set

    Hayes command set is a specific programming language originally developed for the Hayes Smartmodem 300 baud modem during the late 1970s... (Continued)

  • M

    multichassis multilink PPP (MMP)

    Multichassis multilink PPP (MMP) is an extension of multilink PPP (MP) in which the subscriber can consist of more than one computer... (Continued)

  • multilink PPP

    Multilink PPP is a communications protocol that enables a personal computer (PC) to use two PPP (Point-to-Point Protocol) communications ports as if they were a single port of greater bandwidth... (Continued)

  • O

    operational support system (OSS)

    An operational support system (OSS) is a set of programs that help a communications service provider monitor, control, analyze and manage a telephone or computer network.

  • P

    peering

    Peering is the arrangement of traffic exchange between Internet service providers (ISPs).

  • S

    session border controller (SBC)

    A session border controller (SBC) is a dedicated hardware device or software application that governs the manner in which phone calls are initiated, conducted and terminated on a Voice over Internet Protocol (VoIP) network. Phone calls are referred to as sessions.

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