Telecom Definitions

  • M

    multilink PPP

    Multilink PPP is a communications protocol that enables a personal computer (PC) to use two PPP (Point-to-Point Protocol) communications ports as if they were a single port of greater bandwidth... (Continued)

  • O

    operational support system (OSS)

    An operational support system (OSS) is a set of programs that help a communications service provider monitor, control, analyze and manage a telephone or computer network.

  • over-the-top (OTT)

    Over-the-top (OTT) is networking lingo that describes the delivery of content, services or applications over the internet. OTT edge providers typically deliver their content and services to customers on top of network infrastructure that is owned and maintained by internet service providers (ISPs), like Verizon and AT&T.

  • P

    passive optical network (PON)

    A passive optical network (PON) is a system that brings optical fiber cabling and signals all or most of the way to the end user.

  • peering

    Peering is the arrangement of traffic exchange between Internet service providers (ISPs).

  • plain old telephone service (POTS)

    POTS is a term sometimes used in discussion of new telephone technologies in which the question of whether and how existing voice transmission for ordinary phone communication can be accommodated.

  • point-of-presence (POP)

    On the Internet, a point-of-presence (POP) is an access point from one place to the rest of the Internet.

  • Q

    quadruple-play network

    A quadruple-play network is one that offers mobility in addition to the voice, data and video provided by a triple play network.

  • R

    ROADM (reconfigurable optical add-drop multiplexer)

    An ROADM (reconfigurable optical add-drop multiplexer) is a device that can add, block, pass or redirect modulated infrared (IR) and visible light beams of various wavelengths in a fiber optic network. ... (Continued)

  • S

    session border controller (SBC)

    A session border controller (SBC) is a dedicated hardware device or software application that governs the manner in which phone calls are initiated, conducted and terminated on a Voice over Internet Protocol (VoIP) network. Phone calls are referred to as sessions.

  • switch

    In a telecommunications network, a switch is a device that channels incoming data from any of multiple input ports to the specific output port that will take the data toward its intended destination.

  • T

    T-carrier system

    To see the relationship between T-carrier, E-carrier, and DS0 multiples, see digital signal X. The T-carrier system, introduced by the Bell System in the U.S. in the 1960s, was the first successful system that supported digitized voice transmission.

  • telecom cloud provider

    A telecom cloud provider is a telecommunications company that has shifted a significant part of its business from landline service to devote resources to providing cloud services.

  • telecommunications (telecom)

    Telecommunications is the transmission of data, voice and video over significant distances by electronic means that use a wide variety of networks and media.

  • Telecommunications Act of 1996

    The Telecommunications Act of 1996, enacted by the U.S. Congress on February 1, 1996, and signed into law by President Bill Clinton on February 8, 1996, provided major changes in laws affecting cable TV, telecommunications, and the Internet.

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